Microphotography opens up avenues for an interesting world which we in general do not get to see. It can be considered an extreme form of macrophotography. In this type of photography you get to explore the world of minute and little things and extrapolate them. The colors, hues and details that one can discover using micro photography is unmatched. However it is not an easy art to learn and practice. It requires a good understanding of various aspects, due diligence and good technique. In this article let us try exploring the concepts and various techniques of microphotography.
Composition: In photography, all the efforts, the photographic gear, technique etc boils down to the perfect framing of the subject in the photograph. Composition like in any other form is important even in Micro photography. The main challenge of composition one finds with microphotography is that the increased magnification would lead to less depth of field thereby reducing the total area with sharper focus.
This would mean that it would not be possible to get a sharp image all through the body of the subject. To overcome this, you can look at focusing on one specific aspect of the subject which you would want to highlight. This enables you to get sharper image of the aspect you want to focus. Also remember that few of the subjects of micro-photography like insects are prone to be jumpy, so be careful not to disturb them else any slight movement would ruin the whole shot.
Magnification: What is microphotography without the understanding of magnification? It is defined as the relationship between the actual size of the object being photographed and the size of the image that is formed on the sensor of the camera. It Is calculated by dividing the size of the subject with the image on the sensor. When we say the magnification to be 1:1 , it would imply that the size of the subject being photographed is same as the size of the image on the sensor of the camera.
Perspective: The perspective that you want to project the image is key for microphotography. Since most of the objects you photograph are small, taking an over head shot of them would not yield a good result. Try to get to the level of the subject being photographed so that you would have a more head on perspective. If it is an insect, taking a photograph at their eye level would appear as if it is looking into you. This would make more sense to the photograph. You can explore with other angles as well , but be clear on what is it that you would want to convey through the photograph and compose it with that perspective.
Background: It forms a very key element of microphotography. Since you magnify the subject , many a times the background becomes a color or a smooth patch at the back. As anyone would vouch for, a background is very important to highlight the subject. Chose those background options whose colors would complement well with the subject. Ensure that there aren’t any highlighting distractions in the background.
Apart from these, the other basic techniques of good photography like rule of thirds, leading lines, lock room and head room concepts etc need also to be considered for microphotography.